Would you like to rejoice with culture and tradition? Nepal can probably be your choice to get multi-ethnic and cultural diversity. In other words, festivals, fairs, Jatras, functions, etc. go throughout the year.
As it is well off in its natural gorgeousness and multiplicity, it is equally charming from the perspective of its cultural, socio-ethnic and religious accounts. It is believed that Nepal is a garland of culture, tradition, and ethnocentrism. There is no distrust of its iconic history, hidden mystery and traditions.
The functions in which local people compete on performing various traditional rituals like worshipping the gods and goddesses, performing dances, following ancient beliefs assimilating its myth can possibly be everyone’s inquisitiveness.
Highlights of Nepal Festival
- A glimpse of dazzling carnivals and trends
- Mystery and Myths
- Brief Synopsis on Festivals of Nepal
Despite its diversity, Nepal has many more religious functions and celebrations. In other words, it goes rejoicing carnivals throughout the year. It is the usual phenomenon for people to gather at a place together in order to make and let celebrations. People with masks lure the eyes of the tourist.
In Kathmandu, both domestic and international tourists observe festival together with its traditional attires and cuisines
As Nepal is prosperous in its iconic natural charm, it is similarly mysterious from the religious and cultural perspective. More than six cultural heritage sites of UNESCO stretch out in Nepal.
Tourists can not only see the sites but also gather knowledge of their interests. The carvings on temples, sculptures, paintings, etc. It can be part of everyone’s curiosity. Statues of deities on stone and wood should be observed in order to gain historical art and architecture.
Moreover, the festival varies according to religion, caste, and places. Not only the culture and festival but also the fairs and wonderful moments of proximity among family, relatives, and company of peers are much interesting.
Guests in people’s houses are often honored with Tika (sacred red and yellow powder put on forehead) and money as a blessing.
Common features of the festival
- People are busy to go home.
- God, goddesses including mythical deities are worshipped.
- All the religious people make a trip to the mosque, temple, churches, monastery, etc.
- Fairs, Jatras, celebrations, etc become part of the festival.
- Street festivals together with concerts by local choirs keep specific remarks in Kathmandu and Pokhara.
- People perform dances, local arts, local tools, etc.
- Fasting is most of the cultures that have mysterious trends, myths, and meanings.
- People have long holidays to celebrate Dashain and Tihar festivals.
- Everybody has wonderful moments for the party, celebrations, enjoyment and get together.
Festivals in Nepal
Dashain: Festival of Hindu
Dashain generally falls in the month of September and October. It is the one which is highly celebrated by Hindus of Nepal and India. However, it’s equally popular on different religious followers.
As it falls during autumn, people should not worry about harsh weather for tourists, it has ever been the best time to visit both the cultural and natural sites.
Being the most popular, it is celebrated nearly for 15 days. Beginning from lunar fortnight, it ends on the full moon. The first day is Ghatasthapana when people start planting Jamara (corn and paddy seeds are sowed to use as a flower).
Goddess Mahakali, Bhavani, Durga together with lord Shiva are worshipped. On the seventh, eighth, ninth and tenth day of Dashain; he-goats, rams, he buffaloes, cocks are sacrificed for the goddesses at temples.
Dashain reveals different myths in common. There was supposed to be a tussle between demons and goddesses on the first ninth day of Dashain.
The Kalratri (night of horror ) falls on the ninth night of Dashain when there was a clash between demon and goddess. The giant, Mahishasur was killed by goddess Durga on the tenth day.
It also symbolizes the victory of virtue over vice. According to holy Ramayana, it is the triumph of Ram upon Ravan. Therefore, the following day, Vijay Dashami brings all people to celebrate in a special way.
Meat as holy Prasad (food offered to Hindu deity) is cooked and eaten in both riches and poor people’s houses.
Vijay Dashami lies on the tenth day of Dashain. It is the most popular of all. Everyone receives Tika, Jamara, and blessing from elders. It’s a day to unite every family under the same roof as a fraternity.
Children visit maternal uncles to receive Tika and Jamara. Jamara on the tenth day is plucked and offered to goddess Durga. Then, it is put on people’s heads as an omen of goddesses and her blessings.
People generally serve local cuisines, meat items, sweets etc to relatives and friends. It ends on full moon worshipping god and goddesses.
Tihar: Festival of Lights
- Yama Panchak lasts for five days
- Bond of love between brothers and sisters
- Deepawali/Diwali: Festival of color and vibration of lights
It is the second most significant festival of Hindus in Nepal. It is celebrated right after 15 days of Dashain. This festival is celebrated for 5 days. Each day celebration keeps unique mythological beliefs, understanding, and assumptions.
As it also falls in September and October, this can probably be the relevant time for visitors to enjoy lights, firecrackers, burning candles, etc.
Having local cuisines together with gambling is a usual phenomenon for most of the tribes of Nepal. Tourists even in villages are fascinated to observe people celebrating Tihar.
They enjoy Deusi and Bhailo (a cultural and musical program that is organized at night during Yama Panchaka).
Young, adult and even children make a separate group celebrate Deusi and Bhailo. If there is something that makes me the happiest, it is Deusi and Bhailo in Tihar when people visit houses at nights singing folk songs and performing dances. This is the best time ever for people to collect money for charity too.
Talking in sum, Tihar reveals the myth of goddess Laxmi. Hindu believes that she is the goddess of wealth, prosperity and infinite power. God Yamraj (god of death) is worshipped on all days to avoid his untimely call to heaven.
According to the myth, god Ram and Laxman had defeated the evil king of Lanka, Ravan. It is celebrated on this triumph of truth over untruth. So, it’s taken as an omen of hope, success, and achievements.
Kaag Tihar is the first day of Yama Panchak. The Hindu mythical bird, Crow is worshipped on this day. Crow is supposed to be the messenger of Yama (god of death). Crows are cordially greeted at people’s houses and served local food and sweets.
On the second day of Yama Panchak, Kukur (dog) Tihar is celebrated. Dogs have a much wonderful time to enjoy the day with great honor.
They are offered with garland, food, and Tika. People take this day as reverence for dogs. Local fairs, Jatras, celebrations on different temples, heritage sites and shrines are performed.
Cow in Hindu myth is believed to be a form of goddess Laxmi (a Hindu goddess of wealth and treasures). She is respected highly in people’s houses for wealth and prosperity.
The fourth-day celebration is a bit unique. Cows are not only worshipped but also served Dahu (a fodder of barley and cornflour). Lights of different colors and decorations in towns and villages are made to greet the goddess.
In some villages, she is offered special traditional antiques of the houses. Apart from the adoration of Laxmi, young with damsel goes on Deusi Bhailo at people’s houses at night. They on this program are given money, sweets, fruits, paddy, and rice as the gift of goddess Laxmi. She is worshipped after people decorated their houses by cow’s dung.
Although the fourth day of Tihar does not keep as much interest as in other days, people can’t forget to fulfill rituality. This is Goru (ox) Tihar.
Oxen like cows, crows and dogs are worshipped and offered food. I remember playing cards and going to Jatras on this day too. It still flashes in my mind despite the length of time.
Eventually, Bhai Tika is arranged on the fourth day of Tihar. This is the last day of Yama Panchak but it is the most significant day.
Bhai (brothers) are worshipped by sisters. They wish their brothers to have success over evil and untruth. Making a long trip, sisters visit brothers carrying gifts and delicious food.
Brothers are put on Dhaka Topi (Nepali cap) as an honor by their sisters. Deusi Bhailo is mostly chanted on this day. After receiving Tika from sisters, brothers offer them with gifts and money.
All put on a garland of marigold, Gurudauli, and Makhamali (traditional Nepalese flowers which are specifically offered to brothers) flowers. There are varieties of the group to have recreation and amusement during Deusi and Bhailo.
Everybody is busy playing cards, Langurburja (a game that has six spots to put money as gambling) and Kouda (an ancient game of gambling played during Mahabharata period).
In addition, Yama Panchaka remains all exciting, thrilling and full of merrymaking. Tourists can definitely make their choice to observe this festival. It can be source for all to understand culture, tradition and mythological belief.
I guess no one hesitates to observe conventional arts, functions, and celebrations in Tihar.
Chhath: Fasting and strong devotion to Sun
- Festival of Maithili
- Worship of god Surya (sun)
- Myth and people’s views
Nowadays, Chhath has no longer been a festival for people of Terai only, it is similarly popular in other places too. We can even discover trends of Chhath on the bank of the Bagmati River in Kathmandu and lakesides of Pokhara.
The holy Veda divulges that Chhath is dedicated to Sun. The sun and his wife, Usha (Chhathi Maiya) are believed to have rewarded the life on earth. It never worships for any idol gods. People have various rituals to worship Chhathi Maiya.
Chhath festival is closely incorporated by Nepali and Indian Hindus throughout the world. This festival has many astonishing rituals and harsh fasting.
People rarely drinks water during fast so as to show their strong devotion to God, Sun. I have heard people being fainted from fasting. Most of the people are highly intrigued (interested) for their devotion to living long.
The major day of Chhath generally falls 4/5 days after Deepawali/Yama Panchak. It falls in Kartik (oct-nov) Shukla Shasthi (between a fortnight and full moon period). It is also celebrated in March and April after Holi (festival of colors). Chhath simply goes for the sixth days period.
It is mostly observed by Bhojpuri, Maithili and Nepali tribes.
Right after four days of Deepawali, Chhath starts with people taking severe fasting. People have bathing and fasting.
On the second day, they observe it preparing sweets and varieties of local- Nepalese cuisines. Roti, Puri, Khir, pumpkin Haluwa, Chapati, sweets, etc are made by people. It is distributed to the people as Prasada and the blessing of God, Surya (sun).
It is rather interesting to observe Chhath on the third day. Everyone is likely to take harsh fasting. It is from the tenth day of Deepawali. People visit the nearest bank of ponds, rivers or lakes to offer Argha (water offered to the sun). They stay there till the sunsets.
It ends miraculously on the fourth and last day. Almost every people gather to pray for the rising sun. It is closed with the worship of setting sun. All pray looking to the sun for their closet family members to have good health and prosperity in life. People slam Chhath with the preaching of nearly 42 hours of strict penance and fasting.
Makkar Sankranti/Maghe Sankranti Festival
- Maghi of Tharu community
- Bullfights and its Onlookers
- Traditional beliefs and Curiosities
- Terror of Disasters and Myth
- Amenities of people
In spite of the cultural assortment, we can regard Maghe Sankranti as the foremost festival. Maghi is another name of Maghe Sankranti. This festival commonly falls in mid- December (Magh 1st in Nepali calendar).
It is acknowledged for Makkar Sankranti too. People of Tharu community in Terai and Brahmins, Kshetria, Magar, Newar, etc. in the Hilly area mostly celebrate Maghi or Makkar Sankranti festival.
As the sun begins ascending to the northern hemisphere, it initiates spring and summer seasons. People worship the sun after taking bathe in holy rivers, ponds, streams, etc. even in extremely cold water.
It is supposed that people once again get a hope of life and power. They get god (sun) to fight against unexpected natural disasters like floods, landslides, drought, famine, etc. on earth.
My childhood reminiscences still haunt me to see bullfighting and playing Girr (an ancient game like hockey) in villages. Traditional bullfighting customs in Taruka (a Nepalese village) and other places afford full amusement to spectators.
Although bullfighting is not modernized in Nepal, it gives as much fascination as in Spain.
Apart from the worship of God Surya (sun), people have ghee, Chaku, laddu (sweet of sesame), Sel Roti and Fulaura/Bara, etc. in general. Collecting roots food from the forest is the usual exertion (work) of local people throughout the country. In both Hill and Terai, people have boiled sweet potatoes, peanuts, yams. People together with their guests are endowed with local cuisines, hospitality, and generosity.
Maghi for Tharu community is as fascinating as Dashain festival. They intend all the arrangements for a total year on Maghi. It is the beginning of the year for them.
Family members are brought in a family and discussed a dispute if they have any serious matters. Therefore, it symbolizes the reunion of family, friends, and people.
Holi: Carnival of Colors
- Emblem of Victory
- Myth and its Chronicles
- Hindu Disciples and its Diaspora
- Modern Holi in Kathmandu and its Partakers
Unlike others, Holi has distinct religious features and celebrations. It does not worship any god and goddess. Smearing varieties of colors (tints), spraying water to one another is a common part of Holi. It unifies all in a place as brotherhood and sisterhood.
Holi embodies a bond of warm love, happiness, feeling of proximity and victory. It has rejoiced on the destruction of distrust, untruth, and depravity. In addition, Holi is mostly glorified by Hindu, Sheikh, Jain, and Buddhist of both Nepal and India.
People having Hindu origin throughout different Diaspora from the world assimilate Holi. It has no longer been a carnival of Hindus only but also been for non-Hindu too.
This is significantly commemorated in the month of February and March (falgun). Holi in Nepal farewells winters and greets spring season respectively. According to the sacred Hindu scripture, Holi has assortment in Myth. The ancient chronicle of Hindu reveals Holi as rejoice of Holika’s bonfire.
Holi is celebrated right before a day of Holika’s (sister of a demon king, Hiranyakasyapu) death.
Despite the warning of lord Vishnu, Holika tried approaching in the fire to kill her own brother’s son, Prahlad. She was destroyed and Prahlad was rescued. Therefore, Holi is celebrated for the victory of truth over untruth.
According to Mahabharata, the Hindu deity Krishna was once tried to breastfed by a female demon called Putna. Her endeavor of feeding poisonous milk crashed when Krishna finally saved.
According to mythology, Shiva is believed as the destroyer and creator of the universe. Lord Shiva had nearly destroyed the world by his anger while he was scrutinizing (looking) Parbati’s immolation.
As a result, he saved Parbati and went for penance. His beloved, Parbati was supposed to have felt affection for lord Shiva. She got Kamdev (God of love) to rupture (break) his meditation by his arrows. Shiva comprehended (realized) his mistakes and bestowed Kamdev immortal invisible power.
Therefore, Holi for Hindu is the remembrance of affection between Shiva and Parbati. She is believed to have won the heart of Lord Shiva.
I have never ignored Holi since I started growing young. It is much popular in all groups. I am a bit surprised to see a group of people visiting towns and streets with colorful faces.
Actually, Holi reminds me of Halloween Carnival of Christian. Party celebrations, the taste of local cuisines, concerts, etc are very common glimpses to be seen in Kathmandu and Pokhara.
Not only the dwellers but also the tourists have a much wonderful time to sink in its colors and traditions.
Although it is the festival of Hindu, Buddhists of Nepal equally follow it. We can’t get a sense of fraction among multi-religious people in Nepal. Brahmin, Newar, Kshetria, Tharu, Yadav, Thakur, Jha, etc. forward a message of welcome and celebration of Holi in Nepal.
Priority to guests or tourists in restaurants, hotels, streets, and houses shows love and honor of Nepali. Nepalese believe respecting guests must. It never has a sense of disrespect, injustice, domination, and discrimination to each other’s identity, culture and value.
Maha Shivaratri Carnival
- History and Myth
- Centenary of Lord Shiva
- Belief and understanding
- Baba and their Nakedness at Street
Among others, the carnival of Maha Shivaratri is the most prominent for Hindus of the world. It factually refers to the night of Shiva when Tandava Nirtya (a celestial dance) was performed.
It reminds me, Christmas Eve. It generally falls in the month of February/March. As it is the end of winter and beginning of spring season in Nepal, it is equally a fantastic time ever to visit, enjoy and observe the carnival.
The crowd of people and pilgrims have much wonderful time during fair at sacred places, temples, caves, and shrines. Pashupatinath temple (the world heritage site according to UNESCO) in Kathmandu is always the center for tourists, researchers, carnival seekers, and culture lovers.
It is believed as the sacred temple of Shiva. Specifically, pilgrims of Nepal and India long to visit this site during this sacred day.
According to Hindu myth and the greatest Vedas, this festival simply refers to the centenary (birthday) of lord Shiva. Shiva, who is the creator of the universe, is supposed to have protected Kathmandu and Nepal.
Shivaratri is also regarded as the day of lord shiva’s rendezvous (meeting at a special place) with the goddess Parbati. They are supposed to have met in Seleshmantak forest of Pashupatinath in Kathmandu.
Although it is generally celebrated for a day and night, its preparation starts before a week or month in Kathmandu. Woods, chunks, straws, etc. are gathered for saints (Baba) to get hold of fire at night.
Volunteers, scout members, police and armies usually make a plan for security. They enable saints, pilgrims, devotees, people, etc. for the adoration of Lord Shiva at Pashupatinath temple in Kathmandu.
It is known as the most sacred place of Lord Shiva, Babas (saints) including millions of people who desire to visit Pashupati. They generally gather at Pashupati to rejoice festival. Babas smear ashes on the naked body.
Baba's entire nakedness lures tourists and Hindu devotees. Everyone seems to take photographs with naked Babas (saints) on this day. They don’t get wood for fire only but also get a little hashish to smoke as the endowment of lord Shiva.
Besides the formal worship of Shiva and Parbati, people have distinct time. All take harsh fasting in order to gain success. Youngsters take fast to have a sublime couple like Shiva and Parbati.
Both men and women wish to be an exemplary couple as them. They honor this day for the achievements of Shakti (the power) from the Shiva (Hindu god of creation and destruction). It is the very right time for youth to collect money and enjoy parties too.
On the night before and after the Shivaratri, people stay awake believing that they may obtain power like god and goddess. People keep themselves busy on singing Shiva hymns and performing Tandava alike dance. Folklores, hymns, and folk songs still dazzle in my mind. I never ignore this night whenever I’m in Kathmandu.
Janai Purnima/Rakshabandhan Festival
- Rakhi Parva and its Myth
- Festival that unites Brothers and Sisters
If there is any festival that bonds brothers and sisters with deep affection, it’s Janai Purnima. Rakhi in recent days has been more popular on youngsters than elders.
Rakhi Parva (festival) slightly lies in the month of July and August. It is celebrated on the full moon (Purnima). This is the end of the rainy season and the beginning of autumn so that this festival can be observed together with the natural charm of Nepal.
As this festival is normally celebrated by Hindus, its hidden myth and prosperous tradition can have a sort of glimpse for non-Hindus. Tourists never miss rejoicing this festival as long as they are in Kathmandu city.
Although this festival is celebrated by most of the Hindus, Newari culture and tradition are unforgettable. Its cultural prosperity and sorts of local cuisines have been keen aspects to observe.
Would not we prefer Spicy food together with local alcohol?
We may like it if we are cultural followers and taste-lovers. Kwati (food having nine food grains) is usually cooked during the festival. In the Newari language, ‘kwa’ means ‘hot’ and ‘Ti’ means ‘soup’. Hot soup of grains is normally served to guests and relatives. It is also renewed for Kwati Eating Day.
People on this day generally take holy bathe early in the morning and involve the worship of Shiva (supreme Hindu god). Mahadev (the Shiva) in different shrines, caves, and Himalayas is offered worship by the fasting takers and pilgrims.
The myth regarding Rakhi reveals that Indra (the god of rain, thunder, and lightning) is supposed to be fighting on the behalf of gods. He was unable to obtain victory over the demon king, Bali.
His wife Sachi was believed to have received Doro (cotton thread) from Lord Vishnu. As Sachi tied the Doro on the hand of Indra, he had been able to win over Bali and saved all the people, gods, and goddesses.
According to Bhagavata and Vishnu Purana, Vishnu was imprisoned with the vow of a demon king, Bali. To release Vishnu, his wife Lakshmi had made Bali her brother binding cotton thread on hand. It's rejoiced to remember Bali as a kind god. They had also returned together.
Gai Jatra: Festival of cows
- Myth and Tradition
- Gaijatra in Newar Community
- Spicy local Cuisines and Drinks
- Remembrance of Departed Soul
Gaijatra usually lies right a day after Janai Purnima (Rakhi). It gives a glimpse of Halloween in Hindu society. This carnival keeps a special space on the Newar community rather than other ethnic groups.
Gai means cow. Cow in this festival is depicted as an omen of the departed soul. She is decorated and taken to the main squares of Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Lalitpur.
These are the major cities for Newar tribes in Nepal. Not only the cows but also the youth are decorated like cows with funny costumes. They perform Lakhen (people on the mask) dance at the major streets, shrines, and squares of Kathmandu. It can also be observed throughout the country where the Newar community stays.
Since the commencement of ancient times, this festival has been celebrated worshipping the death god, Yamraj.
However, modern Gai Jatra is celebrated since the time of Pratap Malla. The king had been bereaved after the death of his son. As he was requested by his queen to celebrate this festival on this day, it was the real beginning of modern Gai Jatra.
Though spirit/soul is awakened through various ways in most of the societies, it’s quite different in Newars’. It is one of the most prominent carnivals which is rejoiced by them.
It awakens the soul of their family members who passed away in the previous year. Youth having masks on faces are taken out of people’s houses. They symbolize the departed soul of their families. As they come out, people have sweet remembrance with a bitter cry to the departed soul.
Tourists in Kathmandu look as if they are not missing anything. Newar together with tourists is seen to be dancing with rapid excitement. They have a nice time to enjoy the culture, natural beauty, and charm of Himalayas.
Rejoicing this festival specializes much fascinating Newari culture and values. Sorts of Newari cuisine together with local wine (local alcohol) can definitely be the taste of all. Not only the hotels and restaurants but also the minor dealers have proper hospitality for the guests.
Birthday of Lord Buddha
- Buddha Jayanti Fair
- Philosophy of Tranquility in life
- Buddha and Enlightenment
- Quest for Peace in life
Unless there is no doubt that Buddha was born in Nepal, people can so easily make their trip to Nepal. It has ever been a place where people are equally following the path of Buddha.
Birthday of Lord Buddha always schedules on the full moon of Baisakh (late April and early May). Baisakh Purnima is another name for Nepalese Buddhist followers.
Buddha, the light of Asia was born in the ancient royal palace of Lumbini. His father was king Suddhodhan and his mother was queen Mayadevi. They had named him Siddhartha Gautam who received Buddhatwo (peace and freedom). The same prince went on meditation for a long time denying all the treasures and luxurious life. He was enlightened as Buddha later.
Prince Siddhartha had left his father’s palace for meditation at the age of 29. The tree under which he had received meditation and enlightenment is called Bodhi tree. It is one of the trees that is sacred and has a much longer life.
Buddha had gone on long penance as he realized that life had full of suffering. He had been much worried by the three things that humans had to be sick, poor and die. To get justice from the trouble in life, he obtained enlightenment. His philosophy and the eightfold path are relevant in the recent world.
Buddha Jayanti is celebrated assimilating all his philosophy. It is normally celebrated by East Asian people including Srilanka, Thailand, China, Japan, Myanmar, etc. But Nepal has something special as it is the birthplace of Buddha too.
It is new for the world’s people to visit Lumbini in Nepal. There are many Stupas, monasteries, bihars where people go for a celebration.
Swayambhu and Bouddhanath (the world heritage site) in Kathmandu where people go for praying. Namobuddha and White's monasteries are some of the splendid sights in Kathmandu valley.
Moreover, Buddha Jayanti is a fair that is highly celebrated by most ethnic groups of Nepal. They appear on traditional attires and perform Buddhist spells. The Tripitaka (Buddhist holy book) is expressed in holy places. People having varieties of food at home is a usual phenomenon.
Buddha is remembered like this; however, philosophy is relevant in every step of life.
The 2563rd Buddha Jayanti is going to be celebrated on May 6, 2020. Everyone from the world can visit UNESCO’s heritage sites in Nepal. Lumbini is the one which is the birthplace of Buddha.
Eid/Ramjan: An unique Nepalese Muslim Festival
- Eid al-Fitr: initiation of Islamic Prophet Muhammad
- Strict Festival of Muslim
- Islamic Allegory of Madinah and Mecca
Since Nepal has been a secular country from 2017, Nepal is not only the country for people who rejoice Hindu and Buddhist. It is also a country for Muslims to celebrate Eid al-Fitr/Ramjan. This festival is evenly celebrated in the country with equal importance.
Ramjan and Eid are normally celebrated by Muslims in the world. Ramadan rejoiced in the 9th month of the Islamic lunar calendar (Hijri). Eid falls right after 70 days of Ramadan. It is the summer season and month of June, July or August.
It is celebrated on the first day of Shawaal (10th-month acc. to Muslim calendar) month because they don’t have to take fast. As it is suitable, a month fast is taken in the ninth month (Hirji). Nepalese government declares Holiday for people to enjoy Fairs and festivals of Eid/Ramjan in different mosques.
Eid unites everyone at the Jame and Kashmiri mosques in Kathmandu. Sacred places Madrassas becomes full of Namaj prayers and children. It is not new for Nepalese Muslims to visit Mecca Medina of Saudi Arabia too. Muslim people celebrate it with keenness, love, and brotherhood.
Turning the mystery and allegory of Muslims, Eid is supposed to have commenced by Islamic Prophet Muhammad. When Muhammad migrated from Mecca to Medina, he found people rejoicing occasion by recreation and merriment. He told people to rejoice two types in for two days. Since then it is celebrated.
Moreover, people of both rural and urban strictly follow the culture and tradition of Eid al-Fitr. People preparing sweets old traditions. They offer food and a little money for children and disable at the streets of Kathmandu. Chanting Allah Akabar, the holy name is the very formal ritual by almost people.
Teej: Women’s Festival
- Haritalika is another name
- Carnival of harsh Fast
- The attraction of Women’s Attires and Jewellery
- Worship of Shiva at Pashupatinath Temple
- Trend of Lankhe (mask) Dance in Newar People
- Women’s Dar Party and Dance in Folk songs
Teej is not any dissimilar name for women of Nepal and northern India. It generally falls in late July and August when monsoon rain in Nepal gradually decreases. It is the one which is rejoiced by the majority of women worshipping Shiva and Parbati (Hindu God and Goddess).
Fair, Jatras, Lakhe dance (an ancient mask dance), reverence of Shiva, women devotees at various shrines and temples are common sights for visitors.
Haritalika in Nepali Calendar is the one that can provide a sense of free and moments of merriment for women in Nepal. The average Nepali women definitely celebrate this day in diverse ways.
In spite of the formal worship of Lord Shiva, women regard the day more independently than women’s Day. Mostly, women take fast for the adoration of Shiva. They normally visit Temples and shrines for worship and spend dancing till dusk.
Women who have to receive fast on this day have Dar (special local Nepalese food) at the previous night, however, the modern Dar party in Cities starts nearly from a month earlier.
The myth regarding Teej reveals that Parbati (some of the supreme goddesses in Hindu) is supposed to have wished Shiva as her husband. Fulfilling all the rituals, she went on meditation and received Shiva as her husband.
Shiva who is thought to be the creator of the universe (Hindu Myth) had been allured by the sacrifice of Parbati. Then, she was accepted by Shiva. Women in common wish them to have such an idol husband like Shiva in their life. They also wish for the long life of their husband.
Cultural and traditional aspects are another glimpse of Teej. Women according to their culture put on traditional attires and ornaments. Women are seen in blouse, saris, together with Bangles and Pote known as crystal beads (traditional chain made up of Crystal/stones). Lakhe dance in Kathmandu keeps the eyes of onlookers. At most Heritage sites, women tourists are allowed to appear together with their Nepalese friend/guide.
English/Nepali New Year
- New Year Celebrations
- Fair and Street Festival in Kathmandu
- Teens and Trends
- Understanding culture and tradition
- Ways of wish Expressions
Both the English and Nepali New Year in Nepal is regarded as one of the prominent days of the year. New Year in Nepal normally falls between April 14th to 17th. It is always on the 1st of Baisakh month according to the Nepali calendar. English year is equally given emphasis on January first in Nepal. English year is indicated by A.D. whereas Nepali year is by B.S. (Bikram Sambhat).
Nearly after three months of English New Year, Nepali New year begins.
The government of Nepal usually declares holidays on this day and so is in English New Year. People have considered the superior delight on these days for celebration.
Nepalese believe in visiting the nearest pond, brooks, and tributaries to have bathed in order to be healthy and avoid unprecedented sins. There are many cultural and religious sites where local dwellers go for adorning gods and goddesses.
Nepalese organize the party, concerts, religious worshiping on Nepali New Year. Foreign and domestic guests are expressed much honor at anywhere. Hotels and motels are decorated attractively on the occasion of each New Year Eve’. They absolutely have blissful moments in Nepalese village and town.
English New Year starts a bit earlier than winter ends.
Nepali year begins when it is about the mid of spring. It is also an easy time for tourists to visit Nepal enjoying natural beauty.
Annapurna circuit including short-range hiking has been part of the best trip for everyone. Mountain climbing, hiking, paragliding, inspecting heritage sites, rafting, etc. are significant activities which tourist can do in Nepal. In other words, it is all sustained by constructive weather conditions.
As it is the beginning of the year, it isn’t new for people to spend money on extravagance. They are found purchasing goods for the party and enjoyments. They try avoiding bad prophecy of life and wish for the virtuous moment by coming years.
It is time for making the promise in order to obtain well habits and manners. Street festival in Kathmandu and Pokhara fascinates all. Fewa in Pokhara and Rara in Mugu are such lakes where tourists can enjoy boating glimpsing at striking natural attractiveness.