Whether it is for mountain climbing or expeditions, trekking, hikes, national park visits, day trip and tours, or maybe any activity of your interest, the backpack of gears and equipment required are very crucial to complete your trip without being exhausted.

Yes, trekking/climbing is not that easy, and indeed list of gears that you include in your backpack and properly utilizing them when required adds little or no stress to your body and mind thus making you shine throughout the day.

Well packed bags consisting of all necessary equipment ensure you a better travel experience. If you don't identify and pick the right packing list of gears based upon your activities, you may have a feeling deep in your mind as was all these expenses and efforts really worth it?

We all have heard people say to look for the backpack one last time before heading to the destination. This gives you the idea how improper items in you backpack can affect your trip. Just one piece of missing equipment can have a big impact on the entire trip. 

Things to remember

This article will provide you with the general list of your backpack. However, you must pack according to your preferences but keeping your needs as a priority as to you wants. 

Similarly, different people have different physical structures that can bring changes to the packing list. In addition, overall season and climate also play a vital role on the packing list. So, we advise you to plan wisely.

  • Try not to compromise the quality of the equipment.
  • Understand the capacity of each material appropriately.
  • Avoid unnecessary equipment that you are unlikely to use
  • Changes in the weather will affect the need for things.
  • Check your packing list one last time before heading to your destination.
  • Always carry your documents like passport, airline tickets, visa, travel insurance, passport size photos and credit cards wherever you go.

The general rule of thumb or rather being realistic, first classify the type of activity you are going to perform. If you are trekking then follow our trekking pack list i.e., not climbing and expedition and vice versa. 

Mountain Trekking and Expedition Gear List

Mountaineers from different nations have dreamed of climbing at least one mountain in Nepal. But this does not seem as easy as it may sound like. Due to the numerous things that need to be packed and transported, the entire climb can be difficult for you if you don't prioritize the packing list.

From the choice of bag to clothing and climbing tools, everything should cut to the chase. If you want to survive low temperatures and high altitude, you need to have more gears than the basics. 

To determine the required equipment, first you must determine the mountain you are climbing, the duration of your climb, the location of the mountain, and the state of the weather. In general, taking into account the climbing seasons, we have prepared a team and a list of essential materials for the expedition of 7000 m and 8000 m.

Climbing Equipment

  • Ice Axe
  • Crampons
  • Climbing harness
  • Long Prusik
  • Climbing rope
  • Carabineer System
  • Ascender
  • Trekking poles
  • Belay Device
  • Oxygen Cylinder
  • Slings
  • Altimeter
  • U-lock

Footwear

  • High altitude boots
  • Insulated camp boot
  • Light hiking boot
  • Gaiter
  • Thermal socks (2)
  • Woolen socks (2)

Body wear

  • Base layers top and bottoms
  • Mid suit
  • Long sleeve sun shirt
  • Trekking pants
  • Insulated synthetic pants
  • Softshell and hard-shell pants
  • Softshell and hard-shell jackets
  • Insulated hooded jacket
  • Mid-layer top
  • Insulated and expedition down parka
  • Sports bra
  • Breathable underwear

Headwear

  • Lightweight liner gloves
  • Softshell gloves
  • Insulated shell gloves
  • Expedition mittens
  • Climbing helmet
  • UV buff
  • Balaclava system
  • Woolen hat
  • Facemask
  • Sun hat
  • Glacier glasses
  • Ski goggles
  • Nose guard
  • Headlamp

Medical Items

  • Anti-diarrheal pill
  • Anti-headache medication
  • Cough and cold medication
  • Antibiotics for chest and stomach infection
  • Gauge pad
  • Painkiller
  • Diamox
  • Antiseptic Cream
  • Water purification tablets
  • Personal Prescribed Medications

Hygiene and Skin Care

  • Toiletries and Hygiene
  • Hand sanitizer
  • Sun cream
  • Lip Balm
  • Toothbrush and paste
  • Biodegradable soap and shampoo
  • Nail clippers
  • Quick-dry towel
  • Wet wipes
  • Female hygiene products

Accessories

  • Camera
  • Pee bottle
  • Small alarm clock
  • Plastic bowl, spoon and coffee mug
  • Plastic bags
  • Pee funnel
  • Trek map
  • Reading materials
  • Journal, Card, Games, and Pens
  • Duct tape and sewing kit
  • Pocket Knife and repair kit
  • Binoculars
  • Power bank
  • Pocket knife
  • Insect repellent
  • Universal adapter
  • Flashlight

Backpack

  • Small pack (35-40 liters)
  • Waterproof duffel bag
  • Padlocks for the duffel bag
  • Pack cover

Miscellaneous

  • Foods
  • Sleeping Bag
  • Mattress
  • Pillow

Backpack and Equipment for Base Camp

The trek to the base camp is a high-altitude trek that exceeds 5000 m (+-). Everest Base Camp, Annapurna Base Camp, Manaslu Base Camp, etc. are some of the very famous ones.

Unpredictable weather changes can bring risks on your trek to base camp just like climbing or expedition.

Hike to the base camp is not as simple as it may sound like due to the higher elevation, some of these locations are also marked as challenging treks.

Also, you may have to cross some snow-covered high passes that poses an additional threat to your journey.

To avoid all difficulties, everyday packing should be done wisely. Mainly for hikers who are trekking in base camp for the first time, packing part is too disconcerting and boring.

Here, we have presented a must-have list for hiking to base camp. You need to consider your options and preferences when packing for the hike.

Body wear

  • Breathable underwear
  • Thermal Layer
  • Trekking Shirts
  • Fleece Jacket
  • Down Jacket
  • Hiking Trousers and Shirts
  • Waterproof jacket and trouser

Footwear

  • Hiking boots
  • Sport shoes/Sandals
  • Trekking socks
  • Fingers and toes warmer
  • Gaiter and crampons

Head wear

  • Sun hat
  • Woolen hat
  • Beanie
  • Neck gaiter

Hand wear

  • Buff
  • Gloves
  • Inner gloves
  • Outer Windproof gloves

Backpack

  • Duffel bag
  • Day pack
  • Rucksack
  • Rain cover

Accessories

  • Water Bottles
  • Hydration reservoir
  • Small alarm clock
  • Credit card and Cash
  • Garbage bags
  • Camping pillow
  • Trekking poles
  • Head torch
  • Camp towel
  • Insect repellent
  • Pocket knife
  • Eye shade
  • Ear plugs
  • Hand and toe warmers
  • Journal
  • Pen
  • Book
  • Cell phone in waterproof case
  • Cell phone charging cable
  • Local SIM card for cell phone
  • Portable power device
  • Extra camera battery and charger
  • Extra memory card
  • Still Camera

Hygiene and First Aid

  • Toothbrush and paste
  • Toilet paper and personal wipes
  • Hand sanitizer
  • Pee bottle
  • Female hygiene products
  • Sunscreen and lip balm
  • Biodegradable Shampoo and soap
  • Deodorant
  • Moisturizer
  • Dental floss
  • Razor and shaving cream
  • Non-prescription medicine (pain killer, antibiotic ointment, allergy treatment, diarrhoea, altitude sickness, etc.)
  • Prescription medicines ( if any )

Miscellaneous

  • Energy/Protein bar
  • Sleeping bag

Required Equipment and Gears for City Tour

Other than the tall mountains and off the beaten path, Nepal has more on the table for guests. The rich scene, ancient culture and traditions, buildings, temples etc. have consistently stayed as the fascination point for travelers looking for the experience and harmony.

Magnificence of Nepal isn't restricted to most noteworthy mountains or the thick green woods.

City tours give a break to the exhausting life of the travelers and bring peace in the mind-set. This is why city tours have always been easy and the number 1 choice of the visitors of Nepal.

While planning for a city tour, you cannot ignore the packing list. Packing list for the city tour may not be as difficult as trekking and expedition, but it is best to enjoy wholeheartedly. List of the equipment and gears for city tour are:

Backpack

  • Large bag for luggage
  • Small bag for daily use

Clothes

  • Warm jackets and sweaters
  • Long sleeved thin t-shirts
  • Hoodies
  • Pair of shorts
  • Leggings
  • Face mask
  • Sun hat
  • Light scarf
  • Rain jacket
  • Half and full socks
  • Comfortable shoes

Medical and Hygiene

  • Sunscreen and lip balm
  • Toothbrush and paste
  • Hand sanitizer
  • First Aid kit
  • Pain-killer
  • Towel

Accessories

  • Sunglasses
  • Water bottle
  • Umbrellas
  • Headphone
  • Camera
  • Flexible tripod
  • Journal
  • Neck wallet
  • Waterproof phone case
  • Book
  • Flashlight
  • Power Adapter
  • Map
  • Compass

Required Equipment and Gear List for National Park

Having an essential packing list is helpful when planning your visit to the national parks. Not only are these items key to having an enjoyable hike, but they can also be critical for surviving a dangerous situation.

National parks give the vibrant aura. While you are planning for the national park visit, clothing should be totally vibrant so that no animals can attack you. List of the items to have when planning for national park visit are:

  • Paper map and compass
  • Camera, extra memory card, power bank, waterproof cell phone cover etc.
  • UV-protective sunglasses, sunscreen, wide-brimmed hat, full thin shirts and pants (for summer)
  • Fleece jacket, hat, gloves, rain shell, woollen shirts, thermal underwear (most if you are intending to visit in winter/monsoon)
  • Flashlight, lantern, and headlamp
  • Electronics
  • Binoculars
  • First-aid kit
  • Pain-killer, Headache medications, Fever reducer and other personal medicines
  • Repair kit (Duct tape, knife, screwdriver, scissors)
  • Nutritious Snacks
  • Matches and lighters
  • Emergency Shelter (Portable tent, space blanket, tarp or bevy )

Conclusion

All the above listed equipment and gears can be a set of guidelines for you. One way or the other, we always tend to miss something of may find something would be very worthy to carry only after experiencing it first-hand.

It’s not a compulsion to carry all the items listed above. These are the preferred list of backpacks for you and we urge you to use your instinct.

Also, we suggest you to keep your clothes as minimal to avoid unnecessary weight.

You are very free to bring your own equipment if you have it even rent it down in Kathmandu (esp. for climbing and expedition) with our assistance.

If you still have some questions or think we missed something, please do correct us or suggest us. We’d love to hear from you.