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Everest trekking guidelines

Permits and Fees

As long as trekkers refrain from climbing up mountains, no special trekking permits are required for visiting this area. An entry fee paid before entering the Sagarmatha National Park is all one needs to pay and this can be taken care of at the National Park desk in Thamel. However for treks to the east of the main Everest trail, an addition permit is required to enter the Makalu-Barun National Park obtainable from the same location in Thamel. Visitors must also carry a TIMS card obtainable free of cost from the Nepal Tourism Board office when they enter this national park.

Climate and best time to visit

The perfect time to trek to the Everest base camp area is Autumn (mid – September till the end of November) and spring (March until mid-May). Temperature will fall significantly as you trek higher each day. The nights are cold (between -10 C to 5C) but the days are sunny and hot (between 10C to 20C). the mornings are generally pleasant and calm as well as clear, with some clouds are seen in the time of afternoon, and that also disappear at the time of night. We don’t recommend you to trek at the time of monsoon and winter because of the poor visibility. Also at the time of winter, the upper parts and the high passes are also covered with snow.

March, April, October and November are the most favored and recommended months. We request you to select the appropriate date that is suitable for you.

People & Culture

Mostly people living in this area are Sherpa. Sherpas exists in the upper area of Solu Khumbu. They came hera from the Tibet approximately 600 years ago. In the precedent they were the businessman and porters who carry butter, salt Chinese silk, porcelain, jewelry, wool from Tibet and from India they carry butter, dye, sugar, rice, meat etc. The end of the boundary among India and China destabilized their economy. Luckily, with the climbing journey and trekkers, the Sherpa's originate their weight moving talents, in cooperation on ordinary treks and lofty altitudes in enormous require. The Khumbu area has supplied a well-built assembly of capable bodied, strong and courageous Sherpa porters and guides. The Sherpas are generally Buddhists.

At the inferior altitude there lives the Kiranti Rai. The villages of Jubing, Kharikhola, Okhaldhunga, are populated by the Rais. Of mongoloid accumulation they converse their own language. Orientation is complete of their warfare courage in the Hindu classic Mahabharata. The citizens from this collection have abounding employees to Gurkha troops in cooperation in the British as well as Indian armies. The Rai's pursue a belief that is partially animistic with a tough Hindu authority. They admire their relatives by performing Kul or Pitri puja each year. The Jirels are the people who stay in the region around Jiri. They are mongoloid and they pursue Buddhism.

Festivals

Lhosar is main festivals here and it is renowned in the month of February by the Sherpas. ‘Losar’ means New Year in Tibetan. In this particular festival Buddhist monks present entreaty for the superior health and wealth at monasteries. People share different types of presents and gifts and stuffs. People as well as families organize extensive meals with dances.

Dumje is another festival which is renowned to in the birthday of Guru Rimpoche (Padmasambhava). The festivity takes place in June and it lasts for the six days. It is celebrated in the great ways with the happiness In the village of Namche, Thame and Khumjung.

Mani Rimdu is next festival  that is celebrates the success of Buddhism over the antique animistic belief of Bon. This festival is celebrated in the Monasteries of Thyangboche, Chiwang and Thami. At Thangboche the celebration takes place during the time of November – December full moon.

Climate, Flora & Fauna

The weather of the Everest area can be categorized in mainly four climatic zones due to the steady increase in height. These areas covered a forested lower zone, a zone of alpine scrub, the upper alpine zone which covers the greater edge of plants development, whereas in the Arctic zone you cannot find any plants because plants cannot fertile there. There are different types of flora and fauna found in this region and they are varying due to the altitude. In the lower part of the forest we find birch, juniper, blue pines, firs, bamboo and rhododendron and so on. Shrubs is only one vegetation which are found largely above this area. As the height increases the plant decreases and only we find lichens and mosses. The height of 5,750 m is the enduring snow line in the lap of Himalayas. We cannot see any green forest from this point. This point is the deadline of the greenery. Hairy yak is common animal we see here. At the height also we find this animal carrying load. It is also used as a transportation medium. We also find Dzopkyo is a male crossbreed between a yak and cow. And it is used to carry loads from one place to another place. We will see this in the path while trekking. Snow leopard, Red panda, wild yak, musk deer and Himalayan black bear are some of the animals found in this area. We can also find the variety of birds in the lower part.

Meals & Accomodation

While trekking in the Solu Khumbu area i.e. Everest area, you doesn’t require marvelous logistics relevant to the accommodation. Here you will find several sparkling and gracious hotels in the path. we will stay in the single room wherever we will get but most of the time we have to share our room. Generally, rooms are good with well equipped materials with a bed, pillow and blankets. But a very little room has an electric lights and each and every one has a large dining room. We will keep you and your teammate in a local hotels or guest houses accessible each day. We always send a porter in advance of us to reserve us the requisite rooms you and your teammate because rooms cannot be booked in advance here. Don’t forget to keep in mind that some of the rooms are very normal but you need to have an adventurous mind. It is not expensive to reside in the hotels or lodges but it is expensive to have a camping trek. 

You have to understand that camping trek denotes sleeping in the tents rather than staying in hotels or lodges. On the camping trek the tents provided are ‘Two men dome’ or ‘A’ shaped. You will be provided a foam mattress with padding beneath is given for sleeping. You should have your own sleeping bags. You can use you stuffs like hand bags and clothes as your pillow. If you want then you can bring yourself 'Air pillow'

Water

Only on the camping trek our squad of cook and helpers will provide you safe and pure water with boiling facility. And they also make foods which are safe because of the use of potassium permanganate or iodine. On GAP trek and lodge trek the above mentioned facility are not available and you have to buy safe and pure water or you can also buy some hot water and drinks by yourself.

We highly advise you to ring some water sanitization tablets for your good health. On the way we will get pure water which are from the stream is always healthy and safe but some precaution is needed.

Flight / Land transfersomm

The initial point to start the trek is from Lukla which is associated by a 45 minutes of air travel from Kathmandu. We will organize the vehicle from your particular hotel to the desired airport (Kathmandu). While coming back to Kathmandu our personal car will receive you to the hotel.

Communication

Communication is not available easily and there are couples of telephone services available in the Everest area up to the Namche bazaar. Your mobile phone works very well up to Everest Base Camp except some terrible network places.

If it is emergency for you to keep in touch with your relatives, family members and friends then in that case we can arrange you a mobile satellite phone. You have to pay some price for that and which is rental charge on your request.

Trekking gears and equipment

Trekking: while doing trekking you should have your walking shoes i.e. boots, sleeping bag (4 seasons/ -20C rated), waterproof jacket and trousers, fleece jacket, warm hat and gloves, sunglasses, water bottle, sun-screen and day pack.

Complete inventory of gears will be given that on one occasion when you book your tour or ensure

Clothing and equipment list / Gears available in Kathmandu

We strongly recommend you not to pay out a huge amount of money for the gears, equipments and clothes earlier than your trip. Many of the equipments can be hired and you can also buy at the sound rates in Kathmandu. You can find many shops with the gears with the reasonable prices.

Typical day on trek Lodge/ Tea House Trek, GAP Trek & Camping Trek

Every morning you have to pack your bags and other necessary equipments and then have a delicious breakfast. After that we will go for the day's walk. After having a short walk of 3 – 4 hours we will stop for our lunch at midday. After we start our afternoon walk which is normally shorter and we generally reach at our desired place in the time of afternoon tea. The remaining day we can spend by roaming the village, snapping a beautiful photos, chatting with the local people, doing washing, bathing and just you can simply relax by doing your own. On the particular days we will reach at our desired place by mealtime and whole afternoon will be free and you can do whatever you like to relax your mind and body. After the dinner, the evening time will be used up by playing cards or by doing other extra activities for the fun or we can simply exchange the experience of the day. After we will go for the sound sleep which is much required in our trip.

On the other hand, on the Camping trek, you start your daylight with the hot and delicious cup of tea which will be given to you on your tent at approximately 6 am. After that you will be served with a hot water for washing and for your daily activities. And rest day actions are same as stated already above

Itinerary Changes

The itinerary for every journey is supposed to be in use as an instruction only. Depending on current circumstances, you can adjust it to a number of extents after seeking advice from your guide. On the other hand, the time of trek conclusion should always match with the innovative itinerary. You should remain in mind that this is an escapade journey into a farthest mountain area, where many unanticipated occasion may add to require for modify in program. In such situations, we or your guide will recommend the finest option comparable to your unique plan.

Trek Duration

We guarantee legal responsibility as per designate in the schedule and listing of services. If the holiday is slash small or finished previous than the predictable era ahead customers desire, we shall not be accountable or craft repayment next to unutilized days or services. Customers require disbursing additional for Hotels/services acquired in Kathmandu or somewhere else in particular cases.

Health Issues and Vaccinations

As immunization is needed while coming to Nepal. We will strongly recommend you to seek advice from the doctor minimum 2 months previous to the starting of your journey. We advise you to take fortification against Malaria, Tetanus, Typhoid, Hepatitis and Polio.

Altitude illness is the major and common issue which will affect the trekkers from the 2500 m onwards. Your body requires extra time to regulate to tiny quantity of oxygen in the air at 5500 m / 18,044 ft, the air pressure is around half that of sea level i.e. there is a less amount of oxygen. Acute Mountain Sickness is caused by departing up sky-scraping too quick and can be deadly if the whole caution indication is unnoticed. This program for exploring Khumbu valley and its surrounding situated monastery has steady climb and the time itself is short, so chance of AMS are not as much as on the treks to next elevated altitude regions. On the other hand, one should be more conscious and should perceive all the required and important safety measures.

First Aid Kit

First aid kit is the most important materials in the time of trekking. We provide first aid kit with well equipped and well medicated materials. All the medicines are prescribed by the doctors because our team mate doesn’t have much information about the medicines. We strongly recommend you to bring the medicines by yourself. We advise you to bring some medicine like pain killing pills, medicines for cold, diarrhea, nausea and fever. We advise you to take some nasal ointment and throat moistening pills because it gives you the relief while trekking in the cold and freezing weather.

Rescue / Evacuations

We have services of rescue if some serious sickness or casualty happens, but we pray god not to not to happen that and we are also confident that it won't happen. We will use our whole manpower to take you to the nearest hospital. In view of the fact that you are completely, legally responsible for all the expenditure incurred in evacuation please make clear in your mind that it is enclosed by your insurance earlier than transmission for it or be ready to pay on your own after receiving back to Kathmandu.

GEAR FOR TREKKING PEAK

Many travelers and climbers expend a huge amount of money that is totally useless. So you should be careful and conscious while spending money and buying a trekking equipments or gears. So you should have good knowledge that you need and what you don’t need. You should keep one thing in mind that if the circumstances are terrible then it is doubtful that we will be mountaineering. Circumstances may deteriorate during the time of day but in that case we will not climb and we will be on our path down.

Nonetheless, if you are a good and genuine mountaineer and you have keen interest and don’t hesitate in climbing in the rougher and worsen circumstances, then in that situation you should have to buy or carry good and well equipped gears and in that particular chance we won't fritter away any chance we get.

What to expect

When the day is good with the sunlight and if there is no wind then the thermal top is sufficient which is back up the light jacket or wind proof jacket for rest stops and you need a windproof breathable jacket for when the wind picks up.

Gear list

We will take for granted that you have all the necessary mountaineering equipments or gears like warm hat etc. You can have a large number of gears or equipments obtainable from our side or you can hire in the Kathmandu. You should have to pay some dues for the gears which will be charge by the day basis. 

  • High quality sunglasses. Side pieces are not essential; we can always use tape for a day. Ski goggles are unnecessary.
  • neck gaiter or balaclava
  • balaclava, only if you don't have a neck gaiter
  • new liner gloves (i.e. thin gloves)
  • fleece gloves/wind stopper gloves
  • Wind proof gloves/mittens if you don't have wind stopper ones.
  • trekking pole
  • ice axe, non-technical is generally better
  • crampons
  • light harness (Black Diamond Alpine Bod is perfect)
  • jumar
  • belay device: ATC or figure of 8 etc
  • two locking carabineers, two ordinary ones
  • two prussic, one short, one longer
  • windproof pants - these don't have to be fancy and you can buy in Kathmandu cheaply
  • snow gaiters
  • Plastic boots/leather boots - see the discussion below
  • leather boot waterproofing (snow seal etc)

Sleeping bag

You need a sleeping bag. The bag should be down-filled bags which is best for 4-5 seasons and they are the finest to carry because at the height nights will be cold and cold night are the most worse things while trekking.

Sleeping bag liner

The sleeping bags liner is made of the silk, cotton or fleece. It saves time of washing your sleeping and provides extra warm. The sleeping bags made by cotton or silk can be made in Kathmandu but we recommend you to bring from home because it saves your time and money. The bag made of fleece is ready made and easily available in Kathmandu and will cost you next to nothing.

Daypack

This is supposed to be relaxed and high-quality waistbands that relocate a few of the burden to the hips are mainly significant. It requires being gigantic adequate to obtain a jacket, fleece, water, camera and so on. You set your daypack in the sunrise and offer the remaining of your luggage to the porters. You be supposed to have the whole thing you require during the daytime with you, because it is probable that we don’t notice the porters another time earlier than we camp for the night.

Down jacket

This is the most significant stuff you don’t want to neglect on those cold evenings. If you don’t have your down jacket already then you can easily rented in Kathmandu for around $ 1 per day.

Helmet

It is one of the important materials while climbing. It is constantly reasonable to climb and walk with the helmet. It is only use for a couple of hours while climbing. For the mountaineering summits it is exceptional for climbers to use a helmet, but we won't force you and that is up to you. On Island peak rock fall is probable but it is uncommon.